Is he who was dead (without Faith by ignorance and disbelief) and We gave him life (by knowledge and Faith) and set for him a light (of Belief) whereby he can walk amongst men, like him who is in the darkness (of disbelief, polytheism and hypocrisy) from which he can never come out? Thus it is made fair¬ seeming to the disbelievers that which they used to do. (Al-An’am 6:122)

أَوَمَن كَانَ مَيْتًا فَأَحْيَيْنَاهُ وَجَعَلْنَا لَهُ نُورًا يَمْشِي بِهِ فِي النَّاسِ كَمَن مَّثَلُهُ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ لَيْسَ بِخَارِجٍ مِّنْهَا كَذَلِكَ زُيِّنَ لِلْكَافِرِينَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ

In this great ayah in Surah Al An’am, Allah strikes an example of two types of people one who is a believer and one who is disobedient and I said disobedient because disobedience has levels. Whether this disobedience is from major shirk or major sins (which is less than major shirk) the person will be in darkness, and this state of darkness depends on how far away from Allah he is in obedience to Him. We take from this that darkness varies and therefore the life of the believer’s heart varies as well. The darkness that the Mushrik is in is greater than the darkness of the Muslim who is delved in sins day and night and this is why darkness in this ayah comes in the plural form – Dhu-lu-mat (ظلمات).

Ibn Al Qayyim RahimuAllah said: “The most fulfilled in life from mankind are the ones whom respond the most to the call of the Messenger SallaAllahu Alayhi was Salaam”.

There is no doubt that each one of us knows this feeling, the feeling of life and happiness, no matter what background or lifestyle he comes from. He feels life after death and happiness after sadness. What is the response of the repentant sinner when asked, “How do you feel”? Many of them say: “I feel like I was dead and then brought back to life”. This is because the remembrance of Allah is like the sea to the fish, once the fish is out of water, there is just a short time before it loses oxygen and dies but if it is thrown back in the water it is revived.

This great ayah is filled with encouragement for each one of us to walk the path of the believers. However, it also contains a warning against walking the path of sinner. We should remember this ayah the exact moment we think of sinning and remember that each sin brings a portion of darkness to the heart.

We must know and remember that each obedience and worship built on Ikhlaas (sincerity) and is done according to the Sunnah gives life and light to the heart. The light that Allah throws in the heart of the believer is a reason of having an expanded happy chest as Ibn al Qayim RahimuhAllah mentioned.

This ayah also shows the miserable and hard condition the disobedient one is in and how they chose darkness and death over life and light. It could also be that they cannot differentiate between light and darkness as per this ayah.
Allah said كَذَلِكَ زُيِّنَ لِلْكَافِرِينَ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُون Thus it is made fair seeming to the disbelievers that which they used to do. (Al-An’am 6:12)

There are many more examples of this miserable condition described in the book of Allah in many ayat and from them is the following ayah.

أَفَمَن يَمْشِي مُكِبًّا عَلَى وَجْهِهِأَهْدَى أَمَّن يَمْشِي سَوِيًّا عَلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

Then is one who walks fallen on his face better guided or one who walks erect on a straight path? (Al-Mulk 67:22)

These are some words concerning this great Ayah.

May Allah make us from the righteous and peace and blessings upon our Messenger, his family, companions and followers.