See here for part 1 of the tafseer of this Surah

[69:9] {And Fir’aun (Pharaoh), and those before him, and the cities overthrown [the towns of the people of [Lout (Lot)] committed sin,}

In the previous ayah Allaah asked if there were any remnants left of the nations of the past, then He سبحانه و تعالى mentioned some of these nations by name.

Fir’aun (Pharaoh) of Egypt is mentioned often in the Qur’aan. He is the transgressor that mockingly asked Haman to build him a staircase up to the skies so that he could look at the God of Musa عليه السلام. He committed so much oppression in the land; enslaving Bani Israa’eel, killing their sons and his greatest transgression was his claim that:

“And (Pharaoh) said: ‘I am your lord, most high’” [Surah An-Naziat: 24]

So Allaah سبحانه و تعالى drowned him and though only he is mentioned in the ayah, his people were also destroyed for following him.

What is meant by “The cities overthrown” is that they were flipped so that the upper part became its lower part. Some specify that this refers to the people of Lut عليه السلام. These people came with such a sin that none before them had committed it; lusting after men. The greatest of their sins however is their disbelief in the Tawheed of Allaah and the Day of Resurrection.
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[69:10] {And they disobeyed their Lord’s Messenger, so He punished them with a strong punishment.}

The people of Lut عليه السلام rejected him, Fir’aun rejected Musa and Harun عليهما السلام, the people of ‘Aad rejected Hud عليه السلام and the people of Thamud rejected Saalih عليه السلام.

The scholars say that this ayah is the evidence that a reason of punishment is disobeying the Messengers of Allaah. We know that disobedience is of types; some that cause the person to stay in the Fire forever, some that are forgiven by Allaah, and some that cause the person to stay in the fire for a while then leave.

In the Arabic text, Rabbiya رابية (strong punishment) means ‘extra strong’ since it comes from riba which means ‘increase’. So this punishment is severe. Allaah says:

“Such is the Seizure of your Lord when He seizes the (population of) the towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful (and) severe” [Surah Hud: 102]

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[69:11[ {Verily! When the water rose beyond its limits [Nuh’s (Noah) Flood], We carried you (mankind) in the floating [ship that was constructed by Nuh (Noah)}.

Allaah then mentions the story of Nuh عليه السلام. Allaah ordered Nuh to build the ship and it was carried on the water by the permission of Allaah. This (the flood) is the response to the du’aa of Nuh because the people rejected him. In the verse {..we carried you..}, the ‘you’ (Arabic: كم) refers to Quraish since their ancestors were carried and saved on the ship.

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[69:12] {That We might make it a remembrance for you, and the keen ear (person) may (hear and) understand it.}

{That We might make it a remembrance for you…} : to make the ship of Nuh a reminder to the people, or the story of Nuh itself to be a reminder for them.

If we say that it is the ship of Nuh, there are two opinions regarding this:

1- Some of the scholars said that Allaah saved that ship for the first generation (the companions of the prophet Salah Allahu ‘Alehi o Salam) to see. This view was not favored by Ibn Kathir
2- Some say that ships in general are the reminder i.e. that when one sees a ship they receive admonition, and remember the story of Nuh.

Others say that the story of Nuh and his people is the reminder, since there is more to the story than just the ship. The believer will remember the du’aa of Nuh, his separation from his son who disbelieved, an entire nation being drowned and only the believers being saved.

{…and the keen ear (person) may (hear and) understand it.} : For it to be an admonition and a reminder for you, that you might benefit from, also to be aware of the severe punishment of Allaah i.e. what happened to the people of Nuh. We should understand that we are coming from the lineage of those who were saved from the flood. We should ponder on the stories of the past, and we should listen to the book of Allaah and the narrations contained therein.

The word ear was mentioned in a singular form here and not the plural form (ears) ; this is an evidence that shows how few are the people who contemplate and take heed of the story of Nuh. See here
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[69:13] {Then when the Trumpet will be blown with one blowing (the first one)},

The one who blows the trumpet is an angel, some narrated (the ijma’) that it’s the angel “Israafeel”. In the first blow the face of the earth will change, Allaah said :

“On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens, and they (all creatures) will appear before Allah, the One, the Irresistible.” [Surah Ibrahim:48]

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[69:14] {And the earth and the mountains shall be removed from their places, and crushed with a single crushing}

The mountains will be lifted up, then crushed down in one stroke such that everything is dust as Allaah says:

“And they ask you concerning the mountains, say: ‘My Lord will blast them and scatter them as particles of dust
Then He shall leave them as a level smooth plain.
You will see therein nothing crooked or curved.’” [Surah Ta-ha: 105- 107]

The earth’s surface will be plain without any curvatures in the landscape. This ayah proves a refutation against those that deny attributes of Allaah, such as His Hand. We say: is it possible that the Sahaabah would ask about the mountains, women and menses, yet they wouldn’t ask about their Lord? Therefore since the most keen on knowledge from this Ummah (the Sahaabah) did not ask the most knowledgeable about the attributes of Allaah (the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم) then we take things as to their literal meanings as was their practice, unless there is an evidence to suggest otherwise.
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[69:15[ {Then on that Day shall the (Great) Event befall,}

In the Arabic text, the word Al-Waqi’ah is another name for the Day of Resurrection and it is named such because it is a confirmation that this event will most certainly happen.

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[69:16] {And the heaven will split asunder, for that Day it (the heaven will be frail (weak), and torn up,}

Allaah says:

“And We have built above you seven strong (heavens)” [Surat an-Naba’: 12]

This great sky that Allaah described as ‘shidaada’ meaning strong will, on that Day become weak and frail ‘waahiyah’. Allaah also said regarding this:

“And (remember) the Day when the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and the angels will be sent down, with a grand descending.” [Surat al-Furqaan: 25]

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[68:17] {And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, bear the Throne of your Lord above them.}

‘Above them’ here refers to the people in general since the angels bear the Throne of Allaah which is above. The scholars have differed as to the exact number of the angels, some say that it is eight rows of angels, others say eight thousand, while others stay with the text and say that it is eight only. This is more correct since there is no evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah to suggest otherwise.

This ayah confirms the Throne of Allaah and that there are angels that carry it. We know that Allaah is not in need of these angels, they are in need of him just like everything else in the creation but Allaah does as He wills.

This ayah also provides evidence that the Throne is real and does not represent Allaah’s ‘Kingdom’ as some might claim.

The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“I have been permitted to tell about one of Allah’s angels who bears the throne that the distance between the lobe of his ear and his shoulder is a journey of seven hundred years.” [Sunan Abi Dawud: Graded Sahih by Al-Albani)

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– Points of Benefit:

• That disobedience of the Messengers is considered disobedience of Allaah
• These verses confirm the blowing of the trumpet, the trumpet itself and shows the greatness of this blow.
• Al-Waqiah is one of the names of the Day of Resurrection alongside Al-Haqqah and Al-Qariah that have already been mentioned in this Surah
• Confirming the power and ability of Allaah, that the strong skies and mountains that He created will be destroyed with one blow
• The Throne of Allaah is real and not figurative: it has carriers that carry it by the permission of Allaah
• The highness of Allaah is confirmed since Allaah said ‘fawqahum’- above them. This is among many other aayaat and ahadeeth that prove Allaah is above His creation.