بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

These are some words I have written on the topic of rain and what at times comes with it from wind and thunder. I compiled this short treatise whilst relying on authentic Ahadith and Sunan inherited from the best of men, Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and those who followed him from the Companions  (رضي الله عنهم). I ask Allah that it is beneficial and I ask him to accept this work.

From the great blessings of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) is the blessing of rain, in it there is life for the earth and plants, life for animals, and life for mankind. These examples are all mentioned in the book of Allah.
Allah  (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاء مَاء لَّكُم مِّنْهُ شَرَابٌ وَمِنْهُ شَجَرٌ فِيهِ تُسِيمُونَ

He it is Who sends down water (rain) from the sky; from it you drink and from it (grows) the vegetation on which you send your cattle to pasture; (An-Nahl 16:10)

 

يُنبِتُ لَكُم بِهِ الزَّرْعَ وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالنَّخِيلَ وَالأَعْنَابَ وَمِن كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

With it He causes to grow for you the crops, the olives, the date-palms, the grapes, and every kind of fruit. Verily! In this is indeed an evident proof and a manifest sign for people who give thought. (An-Nahl 16:11)

 

From these verses we learn that rain is a blessing and virtue from Allah. Attributing this blessing to other than Allah such as stars and seasons and it is even heard to be attributes to  “mother nature” is disbelief in this blessing and in the One who sent it. It is obligatory on the Muslim to attribute this blessing to Allah alone and to remember this whenever he sees the rain.

 

On the authority of Zaid bin Khalid (ري الله عنه) he said:

The Messenger of Allah (عليه الصلاة والسلام) led the Fajr prayer at Al-Hudaibiyyah after a rainfall during the night. At the conclusion of prayer, he turned towards the people and said, “Do you know what your Rabb has said?” They replied: “Allah and His Messenger know better.” Upon this he remarked, “He has said: ‘Some of My slaves have entered the morning as my believers and some as unbelievers. He who said: We have had a rainfall due to the Grace and Mercy of Allah, believes in Me and disbelieves in the stars; and he who said: We have had a rainfall due to the rising of such and such star, disbelieves in Me and affirms his faith in the stars.”‘[Al Bukhari and Muslim]

Therefore it is Allah who is thanked and praised; it is He who sends down the rain.It is not sent down because it is winter, which is just a season in which Allah does whatever he wishes by sending snow, hail or rain.

When the Muslim witnesses the rainfall it should be a reason for the increase of his Iman (faith), turning to Allah, fearing Him, and thanking Him for the signs witnessed thereby of His existence and the great wisdom and benefits behind it.

Ibn al-Qayyim( رحمه الله) said:

“Consider the great wisdom in the rain falling upon the Earth from above, thereby quenching the thirst of the whole land – reaching all of the hills and plains, all of the mountains and valleys, all of the highlands and lowlands. Had Allah only brought water to the land from a terrestrial source, then water would never reach the highlands unless it gathered in great quantities and rose up from the lowlands, laying waste to great stretches of land. Therefore, Allah’s wisdom dictated that he would bring water to the Earth from above, bringing forth clouds to give drink to the land, sending the winds to carry the water vapor from the seas to fertilize the clouds”

[Miftâh Dâr al-Sa`âdah (1/323)]:

 

Recommended Sunan acts associated with Rain:

 1) Recommended Sayings and Athkaar.

It is recommended to say “We have had rainfall due to the grace and mercy of Allah” as mentioned in the hadith in Bukhari and Muslim. It is also recommended to say “Mercy” when it rains as in the hadith narrated from Aisha (رضي الله عنها) in Saheeh Muslim, where the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would also say: “Mercy” when it rained. When we say “Mercy” we mean that this rain in itself is a mercy, though it can also be a punishment as known from the Quran and the Sunnah that Allah has punished nations with rain and from those nations mentioned in the Quran is the nation and people of Nuh (عليه السلام)

Allah said :

كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ فَكَذَّبُوا عَبْدَنَا وَقَالُوا مَجْنُونٌ وَازْدُجِرَ‌

فَدَعَا رَ‌بَّهُ أَنِّي مَغْلُوبٌ فَانتَصِرْ‌

فَفَتَحْنَا أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ بِمَاءٍ مُّنْهَمِرٍ‌

وَفَجَّرْ‌نَا الْأَرْ‌ضَ عُيُونًا فَالْتَقَى الْمَاءُ عَلَىٰ أَمْرٍ‌ قَدْ قُدِرَ‌

وَحَمَلْنَاهُ عَلَىٰ ذَاتِ أَلْوَاحٍ وَدُسُرٍ‌

تَجْرِ‌ي بِأَعْيُنِنَا جَزَاءً لِّمَن كَانَ كُفِرَ‌

وَلَقَد تَّرَ‌كْنَاهَا آيَةً فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ‌

فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ‌

The people of Nuh (Noah) denied (their Messenger) before them, they rejected Our slave, and said: “A madman!” and he was insolently rebuked and threatened.

Then he invoked his Lord (saying): “I have been overcome, so help (me)!”

So We opened the gates of heaven with water pouring forth

And We caused the earth to gush forth with springs. So the waters (of the heaven and the earth) met for a matter predestined.

And We carried him on a (ship) made of planks and nails,

Floating under Our Eyes, a reward for him who had been rejected

And indeed, We have left this as a sign, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)

Then how (terrible) was My Torment and My Warnings? (Al-Qamar 54:9-16)

 

Therefore the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) [as per the authentic hadith of Aisha (رضي الله عنها)] used to say when he saw storm clouds building up in the sky:

“O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the evil that it contains.”

If Allah took it away, he would praise Allah, and if it rained, he would say:

“اللهم اجعله صيبا نافعا”

Allahumma aj’alhu Sayyiban nafi`a (O Allah, make it beneficial rain).” [Sunan An Nasa’i]

 

When Ibn Az-Zubayr heard thunder, he used to stop speaking and then say:

سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي يُسَبِّحُ الرَّعْدُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةٌ مِنْ خِيفَتِهِ

Subhaanal-ladhee yusabbihur-ra’du bi Hamdeehi wal Maalikatu min Kheefatihi”

Glory be to the One who the thunder extols in praise, and the angels extol in awe.” [al-Muwatta’ and al-Adab al-Mufrid] Authenticated by Al Albani (رحمه الله)

 

If one fears harm from the rain or any consequences that may come with it such as flooding then it is recommended to say:

 

“اللَّهُمَّ حَوَالَيْنَا وَلاَ عَلَيْنَا، اللَّهُمَّ عَلَى الآكَامِ وَالْجِبَالِ وَالآجَامِ وَالظِّرَابِ وَالأَوْدِيَةِ وَمَنَابِتِ الشَّجَر”

O Allah! Around us and not upon us, O Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees grow.” This duaa is taken from the following authentic hadith narrated by Sharik bin ‘Abdullah bin Abi Namir (رضي الله عنه)

Narrated Sharik bin `Abdullah bin Abi Namir (رضي الله عنه):

I heard Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه) saying, “On a Friday a person entered the main Mosque through the gate facing the pulpit while Allah’s Apostle was delivering the Khutbah. The man stood in front of Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah for rain.’  Anas added, “Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain!’ ” Anas added, “By Allah, we could not see any trace of cloud in the sky and there was no building or a house between us and (the mountains of) Sila.” Anas added, “A heavy cloud like a shield appeared from behind it (i.e. Sila’ Mountain). When it came in the middle of the sky, it spread and then rained.” Anas further said, “By Allah! We could not see the sun for a week. Next Friday a person entered through the same gate and at that time the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was delivering the Friday’s Khutba. The man stood in front of him and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off, please pray to Allah to withhold rain.’ ” Anas added, “The Messenger of Allah raised both his hands and said ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us. O Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees grow.’ So the rain stopped and we came out walking in the sun.” Sharik asked Anas whether it was the same person who had asked for the rain (the last Friday). Anas replied that he did not know. [Bukhari and Muslim]

2) Allowing the rain to touch your body

Anas (رضي الله عنه) narrated :

“We were with Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) when rain fell upon us. Allah’s Messenger opened up his garment a bit so that the rain could touch his skin. We asked: “O Messenger of Allah, why do you do this?” He replied: “Because it just recently came from its Lord.” [Sahîh Muslim]

We take two adillah (evidences) from this hadith

* Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) is High Above all of His creation, above His skies

* There is Barakah (blessing) found in this water, and we stick to the Sunnah when it comes to attributing anything as being blessed or having blessings in it

 

3) Making Duaa at the time of Rain

Some of the Scholars consider it from the Sunnah to make Duaa at the time of Rain and it is one of the times when duaa is accepted. However there is a difference of opinion between the scholars on this matter (of duaa being accepted when it rains) because there are some ahadith on this matter that the Scholars have not come to a consensus on their authenticity. But we refer to the hadith that is authenticated by Shaykh Al Albaani (رحمه الله) and take from it that duaa is accepted when it rains and Allahu ‘Alim.

Sahl Ibn Sa’ad (رضي الله عنه) narrated:

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: “Two will not be rejected, Supplication when the Adhan (call of prayer) is being called, and at the time of the rain.” [Al-Hakim; Abu Da’wud; as well as ibn Maajah]

The following is also found in Al-Umm of Imam Shafi’i: “Seek response to your du’a when the armies meet (in battle), and when the prayer is called (i.e. adhan) and when rain falls.” [Albani authenticated it in his Saheehah]

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (رحمه الله) said:

“Du’aa’ is answered when rain is falling, when battle is joined, when the adhaan and iqaamah are given, following prayers, when prostrating, and when offered by one who is fasting, one who is travelling and one who is oppressed, and so on. All of this is narrated in well-known ahaadeeth in the books of Saheeh and Sunan. Du’aa’ is also likely to be answered in the sacred places such as ‘Arafah, Muzdalifah, Mina, the Multazim and other sacred places in Makkah, and in the mosques in general. The greater the virtue of the mosque – such as the three Sacred Mosques [in Makkah, Madeenah and Jerusalem] – the better prayers and du’aa’s are in them.” [Majmoo’ Fatawa]

 

4) Combining the Salaah in the Masjid at the time of Rain

It is also recommended to combine the Salawaat in the masjid at the time of rain or when there is hardship in getting there.

Ibn ‘Abbas reported:

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) combined the noon prayer with the afternoon prayer and the sunset prayer with the ‘Isha’ prayer in Medina without being in a state of danger or rainfall. [Sahih Muslim]

This hadith shows that it was known to the companions of the Messenger the permissibility of combining at the time of rain.

* There is no condition of the rain starting at the same time of the prayer in order to combine two prayers; rather we look at the overall condition of the weather.

* The Niyyah is also not a condition to combine two prayers. For example: A person enters the Masjid and was unaware that they were combining the prayers and he meets them at the second rakah, he can combine with them when they start the second prayer.

5) It is permissible for the person to stay at home and not go the the congregation prayers.

Ibn Qudaamah (رحمه الله) said in al-Mughni:

(A man) may be excused for not praying Jumu’ah or offering prayers in congregation because of rain that makes the clothes wet, or mud that causes annoyance or stains the clothes.

It was narrated:

‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas (رضي الله عنه) said to his Muaddhin (the one who calls to the Salaah) on a rainy day: When you say: ‘I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’, do not say, ‘Come to prayer’ rather say ‘Pray in your houses’. It was as if the people found that strange, so he said: Are you surprised by that? One who is better than me did that. Jumu’ah is obligatory, but I did not want to force you to walk in the mud and on slippery ground.

 

6) Adding the saying : “Salloo fi Rihalikum”(Pray in your houses) after the Muaddhin says “ Hayaa ala Falaah” in the Adhaan

Narrated Nafi`(رضي الله عنه):

Once on a cold night, Ibn `Umar pronounced the Adhan for the prayer at Dajnan (the name of a mountain) and then said, “Pray at your homes”, and informed us that Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to tell the Mu’addhin to pronounce Adhan and say, “Pray in your homes” at the end of the Adhaan on a rainy or a very cold night during the journey.” [Sahih Al Bukhari]

 

Other reminders:

These are some reminders and words on the matter of rain and its blessings and we conclude this topic with two important points that every Muslim should remember.

 

1) The Impermissibility of Cursing Rain

It is impermissible to curse rain and the slave who does this is actually cursing the Creator whom sent it down and doubting His wisdom. The prohibition for cursing time and wind are authentic and rain comes under the same ruling.

Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) narrated Allah’s Messenger (عليه الصلاة والسلام) as saying:

None of you should say: Woe be upon the Time, for verily Allah is the (One who controls) Time. [Muslim]

Narrated Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah( صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“Do not curse the wind, for it is from the Mercy of Allah, bringing Rahmah (i.e., rain and breezes), or destruction. But ask Allah for its goodness, and seek refuge with Allah from its evil.”(Sahih) [Sunan ibn Majah]

 

Narrated ‘Ubayy bin Ka’b (رضي الله عنه) that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“Do not curse the wind. When you see what you dislike, then say: ‘Allahumma inna nas-aluka min khairi hadhihir-rih, wa khairi ma fiha wa khairi ma umirat bihi wa na’udhu bika min sharri hadhihir-rih wa sharri ma fiha wa sharri ma umirat bihi’ (‘O Allah! Indeed we ask you of the good of this wind, and the good of what is in it, and the good of what it has been commanded. And we seek refuge in You from the evil of this wind, and the evil of what is in it, and the evil of what it has been commanded.)” (Hasan Saheeh)[ Tirmidhi]

 

2) No one knows when it will Rain except Allah

We take this from the following hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه):

“One day the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) appeared among the people. A man came to him and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what is Iman (faith)?’ He said: ‘To believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the meeting with Him, and to believe in the final Resurrection.’ He said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what is Islam?’ He said: ‘To worship Allah (alone) and not to associate anything with Him; to establish the prescribed prayers; to pay the obligatory Zakat; and to fast Ramadan.’ He said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, what is Ihsan?’ He said: ‘To worship Allah as if you see Him, for even though you do not see Him, He sees you.’ He said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, when will the Hour be?’ He said: ‘The one who is being asked does not know more than the one who is asking, but I will tell you about its signs. When the slave-woman gives birth to her mistress,that is one of its signs. When the shepherds compete in constructing tall buildings, that is one of its signs. And there are five things which no one knows except Allah.’ Then the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) recited the Verse: “Verily, Allah, with Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware (of things).”(Luqman 31:34) (Sahih) [Sunan ibn Majah]

 

Note: It is not contradictory toward the ayah or ahadith for a Meteorologist to estimate that it will rain in the coming days. This does not mean that they know the future or have knowledge of the unseen. It is the same as a person going on top of a mountain and seeing the enemy and coming back to his people and telling them that the enemy is coming, that person as well does not know the future or unseen he only sees what is headed toward him.

 

Allah Knows Best and The Peace and Blessings of Allah are Upon our Prophet Muhammad